Improving Maternal Health in Tanzania
2012 Tanzania Annual Report
During the year 2012 in World Lung Foundation-supported health facilities 23,106 deliveries were attended and among them 2,491 cesarean sections and 211 vacuum extractions. Comparing the two years 2011 and 2012 there has been a tangible increase in deliveries attended. Maternal mortality ratios decreased significantly in WLF-supported health facilities.
Three critical delays cause several millions of mothers and infants to die in Africa each year—delays in seeking medical care, delays due to inadequate transportation, and delays because health centers are underequipped.
Tanzania, in particular, has maternal mortality rates that are extremely high. According to recent estimates, women in Tanzania have a lifetime risk of dying during pregnancy and childbirth of 1 in 38, which is more than 60 times the figures in the USA. The maternal mortality ratio in the country is 460 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.And in Tanzania, like much of Africa, women in rural areas are much more likely than their urban counterparts to have complicated deliveries that go unaided. In too many instances, the result is a needless loss of life for the mother, the infant, or both.
The maternal health project is a joint effort between the Tanzanian government, World Lung Foundation (WLF) as implementers, and Bloomberg Philanthropies, which has funded this effort for the past seven years. New donors include the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), H B Agerup Foundation and Merck & Co.
The model being implemented in Tanzania takes a comprehensive approach – it has contributed bricks and mortar to build and renovate facilities to enable adequate infrastructure at rural health centers; it continues to train non-doctor health workers to learn how to do surgeries and carry out complicated deliveries; and works closely with the government to see to it that there are adequate and appropriate tools for patient care. The result is that life-saving skills are available at local health centers in rural regions.
To date, the project has upgraded and equipped 12 health centers and four district hospitals to provide comprehensive emergency obstetric care, including cesarean sections, to surrounding, rural communities. Continuous project monitoring and support is on-going in Kigoma, Morogoro and Pwani regions.